If you’re familiar with the CBD industry, then you’ve likely seen terms like full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD thrown around. But what exactly do they mean? And what’s the difference between the two different types of CBD?
We’ll cover everything you need to know in this article.
Let’s dive into each type:
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Full spectrum CBD refers to an extraction method that keeps all the compounds found in hemp intact. This means that full spectrum CBD includes all the terpenes and other cannabinoids that are naturally found in hemp.
Full spectrum CBD is believed to provide the most therapeutic benefits to the end user because each of the compounds found in full spectrum CBD work synergistically together. This is called the “entourage effect.”
However, it’s important to note that full spectrum CBD oil will contain small amounts of THC (0.3% THC is the legal limit). There’s not enough THC in full spectrum CBD oil to produce psychoactive effects, but end users should be cautious that the small amount of THC found in full spectrum CBD could be enough for a consumer to fail a drug test, especially non-specific over the counter tests. That being said, more sophisticated methods will unequivocally show that the consumer was taking a hemp derived product, not marijuana. Consumers should be aware of this risk and educate themselves.
Another benefit of full spectrum CBD is that it maintains the integrity of the plant as a whole. This makes it easier to trace the source of your CBD, so you know exactly what you’re putting into your body. And full spectrum CBD at GenCanna doesn’t go through as much processing as other types of CBD, such as broad spectrum. Though this might not always be the case as processing methods vary greatly from business to business.
Now, let’s take a look at broad spectrum CBD.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
The goal of broad spectrum CBD is to safely remove THC from the hemp plant while keeping all of the other terpenes and cannabinoids intact so it still produces the “entourage effect” that full spectrum CBD does.
All broad spectrum CBD starts out as full spectrum CBD, but then it goes through a refinement process that removes the THC from it. Each CBD company has a slightly different refinement process and could include removing other terpenes and cannabinoids from the end product.
Broad spectrum CBD is considered safer for those who have to submit drug tests since most of the THC is removed during the refinement process. The degree to which THC is removed, or remediated from the extract, and found later in the finished product(s) is highly dependent on the process and definition, or specification, of a broad spectrum extract.
However, since broad spectrum CBD is a newer product type with a variety of processing methods, it’s a little harder for consumers to find and there hasn’t been as much research as other types of CBD.
So, what’s the difference?
What’s the difference between full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD?
The main difference between full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD is that full spectrum CBD will contain some THC while broad spectrum CBD will contain minimal amounts of THC. Most define this as less than 0.1% THC. Or less than the limit of detection (LOD), which is highly dependent on the lab doing the testing. To be confident, read the fine print on laboratory results and product labels to understand exactly what the content might be. And broad spectrum CBD goes through additional processing to remove all trace amounts of THC.
Many consumers prefer full spectrum CBD because small amounts of THC can boost the effects, but removing THC from CBD doesn’t diminish the CBD. Users who have to submit to drug tests should look for broad spectrum formulations or CBD only (isolate based) formulations since the risk of a false positive is much lower. Again, keep in mind that drug testing is its own complicated situation-make sure you know the risks!
Also, users in states where marijuana is legalized for recreational purposes should pay extra close attention to the labels of full spectrum CBD.
On the federal level, CBD cannot contain more than 0.3% THC due to the 2018 Farm Bill. But states that have legalized marijuana recreationally can add more THC to their CBD products, which could cause issues if you cross state lines or don’t want to experience the psychoactive effects from THC.
At GenCanna, we offer both full spectrum CBD products (with a maximum of 0.3% THC) as well as broad spectrum CBD products (that contain minimal, or no THC, depending on the product specification).
And if you’re ready to start offering CBD to your customers, we offer both a Private Label Program and a Quick Start White Label Program.
Not sure what’s the difference between a private label program and a white label program? Read our article on that topic here.